Resources for Learning About Central America

January 11, 2021

Jeannette Tuionetoa

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Central America consists of seven countries: El Salvador, Costa Rica, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. These resources for learning about Central America will help your homeschool explore the countries that form a connection between two continents.Resources for Learning About Central America


Central America

Clearly, Central America is in the center of South America and North America. Although these two Americas are continents, Central America is not a continent but is in fact a part of North America.

The area is defined as an archaeological bridge connecting North and South America. It is also an isthmus that separated the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Caribbean Sea. By the way, an isthmus is a strip of land that connects two larger landmasses, but with bodies of water on both sides.

Central America was also considered a country, in and of itself at one time, but then was divided up into El Salvador, Costa Rica, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

I might as well tell you numerous other facts we found about Central America.

Interesting Facts about Central America

  • The land stretches roughly 1,140 miles (1,835 km) in an arc shape from northwest to southeast.
  • At its very narrowest point, the land is only about 30 miles (50km) wide.
  • This one is cool. There is nowhere in Central America that is more than 125 miles (200km) from the sea.
  • All of the countries in Central America have a Spanish speaking population, except Belize. The primary/official language in Belize is English.
  • 3/5 of Central America’s population is mixed European (mostly Spanish) and of Mayan heritage.
  • El Salvador and Panama still print their own currency, but the other countries use the United States Dollar (USD).
  • Belize is a little bigger than El Salvador, yet El Salvador has thirty (yes, thirty) times the population of Belize.

Is Central America the same as Latin America?

Because there are so many Spanish speaking people in these countries, Central America is sometimes confused for Latin America. Many think they are one and the same.

However, Latin America is actually a much broader term defining Spanish-speaking countries which include Central America along with Mexico, the Caribbean (but only whose inhabitants speak Spanish), and all the countries of South America.

Central America Worksheets

Explore some Spanish speaking countries in your homeschool with these resources for learning about Central America.

Central America Free Downloads

Learn About Central America

Videos about Central America

Printables for Countries in Central America


El Salvador

Costa Rica





In Conclusion

These Central American countries all have rich and vibrant cultures with deep Mayan and Spanish roots. You will find that studying the countries and cultures of Central America will bring fun, color, flavor, and life to your otherwise everyday geography units.

Resources for Learning About Central America

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